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Gulf Coast Lines

 

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 Gulf Coast Lines included the following railroads:

 The corporate organizations of the Gulf Coast Lines railroads were absorbed into Missouri Pacific in March 1956.

 


 GCL-1923

Rear cover advertisement from May 1921 Gulf Coast Lines public timetable.


New Orleans, Texas & Mexico (NOT&M)

The NOT&M served as the primary corporate structure under which the Gulf Coast Lines system was built, thus deserving a more detailed look at its organizational history.

The New Orleans, Texas & Mexico Railroad was originally chartered in Louisiana in May 1905, as the Colorado, Southern, New Orleans & Pacific RR.  The CSNO&P name was changed to New Orleans, Texas & Mexico in April 1910.  Trackage extended from Baton Rouge LA to Brownsville TX, and included subsidiaries Orange & Northwestern RR, Beaumont, Sour Lake & Western Ry, and St. Louis, Brownsville & Mexico Ry.  These lines were originally owned by the Frisco, and were operated as the NOT&M Division of the St. Louis and San Francisco Railway.  Trackage rights over the Yazoo & Mississippi Valley provided access between Baton Rouge and New Orleans.

The NOT&M went into receivership in July 1913.  This receivership along with the Frisco's financial distress wiped out all Frisco interest in NOT&M.  A new corporation, the New Orleans, Texas & Mexico Railway, was incorporated in Louisiana on February 29, 1916, and took over operations on March 1, 1916.  Operating under the name Gulf Coast Lines, the NOT&M, its subsidiaries and the Y&MV operating agreement formed a through line from New Orleans to Brownsville.

On June 2, 1924, Missouri Pacific purchased a sizable block of NOT&M capital stock, with an option to secure 51% of the stock to gain a contrilling interest.  On June 21, 1924, NOT&M purchased sufficient stock of the International-Great Northern Railroad to gain control of that property.  This purchase was on behalf of Missouri Pacific.  The Gulf Coast Lines and I-GN were brought into the Missouri Pacific system in 1926.

 


stlbm252

 

 Under a cloud of it's own making, St. Louis Brownsville & Mexico #252 heads a mixed train west of Raymondville to Edinburg, Texas, where it will meet the Valley Eagle. September 10, 1946. R.H. Carlson photo / MPHS Collection.

 


SAUG 

SAU&G Public Timetable, August 1917